Re: Music Business Law

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Educational Publisher- They sell to schools. Make packets to put into bundles with new instruments.
Classical Publisher- Make their money on sheet music sales or rentals of music books. Many high school books are rented. Some of those books cost $175 or more.

Full Time Publishers- ex- Sony-BMG, etc. These are old established firms that trace their roots to Tin Pan Alley. They involve film and theater.

Recording Company Affiliates- Publishers that are in some way related to the record company or owned by the same conglomerate. These groups usually don’t give good deals to the artist and songwriters and are in favor of the record company and the publisher.

Independents- Publishers that are not a part of the record company. They are usually smaller companies but still promote their clients.

Artist Owned Companies- Some artist and writers will start their own publishing company to get 100% of all their royalties. Artist owned companies normally have to divide the share of royalties because many artist collaborate with others on their works where a songwriter more likely is the only creator in his/her works.

DBA- Doing Business As- easy way to create a business for yourself. For publishing your own work. Normally get your name registered in your county/state and registered with ASCAP or BMI. Drawbacks is that it is a lot harder to promote your works or to get them well known.

Specialty Publisher- Publishers of certain genres. There are publishers that publish only “Christian,” Jazz, New Music (Classical). Some of these groups are smaller divisions of larger companies.

Subpublisher- Smaller companies that usually are just involved with print. Usually enter into a contract with larger publishers to save them the time and effort of making the lead sheets, tabliture and sheet music.

Full Time Publishing Companies-

Royalty Department- Normally head up with an accountant or expert in this field.

Copyright Department- Deals with title ship searches to make sure a song is not already copyrighted. If a copyright is violated it can go to either criminal court of civil court. In criminal courts the fines are usually small, but in civil court there can be large amounts of money fined to the offenders.

Legal or Business Affairs- take care of copyright violations.
Print Publisher-
Rack Jobbers- Stock and distribute materials to retail outlets.
Professional Managers- Push the music to try to get it on commercials

Copyright- The right to make copies of music, literature. To get one you need to apply to the US copyright office. The forms can be found on the internet. This is so you have the ability to sue someone in court. By US law we already own the rights to the music we compose. If we own a work and don’t have a copyright we need to prove that someone had access to our music and that they ripped us off. We also need to prove that we had it first.